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The efficacy and role of bee pollination
What are the main roles of bee pollination in modern agriculture?
First, the role of plant inheritance
Plants, especially flowering plants, in order to make bees pollinate, complete fertilization, and achieve their own transmission, forming various adaptive responses to bees (discussed in the first section of Chapter 2). It is conceivable that if there is no bee pollinating the plant, the plant cannot complete the fertilization, and the plant cannot be passed down.
Second, the role of fruit trees, crops to increase production, increase quality, and increase efficiency
According to experiments, there are more bees than no bees as a medium, and various crops can increase yield by 23% to double.
Third, the production of huge pollination economic value, providing direct and indirect products for human beings, and providing food for themselves to survive
1. Economic value of pollination: Taking honeybee pollination as an example, the economic value obtained by bees for pollination of crops to produce high yields is hundreds of times higher than that of bees.
2. The demand for agricultural and animal products for human beings: The world population is growing rapidly, and it is necessary to continuously increase the output of various agricultural and livestock products. Humans use pollinators to pollinate crops. On the one hand, they can obtain more directly usable products, such as fruits and grains. On the other hand, they can use increased products such as pasture to raise more livestock and poultry to increase livestock and poultry products. The growing population offers more products.
3, to provide humans with rich nutritional content of comprehensive bee products: honey products mainly include honey, royal jelly, bee pollen, beeswax, bee venom, propolis and bee larvae. Bee products are widely used and have high economic value, which is extremely demanding at home and abroad. The use of bee pollen is described below.
The bee pollen is rich in comprehensive ingredients, including not only the essential nutrients such as protein, sugar, and fat, but also biologically active substances such as enzymes, vitamins, trace elements, and flavonoids that have special effects on metabolism. It is called the “concentrated nutrition library”.
4. Survive for providing food for yourself: Bees use plant pollen and nectar as food, and bees can survive and reproduce in the natural world. Therefore, bees spread pollen for plants in the process of collecting pollen and nectar, and the two adapt to each other under mutually beneficial conditions. This is the long-term natural selection and continuous co-evolution.
Fourth, the role of beautifying the environment and maintaining the balance of natural ecology
Pollinators, especially bees, play a role that cannot be ignored in beautifying the environment and maintaining the balance of natural ecology. The result of insect pollination by plants greatly increases the probability of cross-pollination of plants and diversifies plants on the earth. This not only makes the nature alive, but also maintains the ecological balance of nature.